How to Start Watermelon Farming Business and Make Money

General Introduction to Watermelon Farming 

Scientific Classification 

Kingdom:  Plantae
(unranked):  Angiosperms
(unranked):  Eudicots
(unranked):  Rosids
Order:  Cucurbitales
Family:  Cucurbitaceae
Genus:  Citrullus
Species:  C. lanatus

Binomial name

Citrullus lanatus

 Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from sub-Saharan Africa. It is cultivated for its fruit. The subdivision of this species into two cultivars, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) var. lanatus) and citron melons (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf.), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. by L.H.Bailey in 1930.[2] Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) and the bitter wooly melon Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai are not closely related to each other. Since 1930, thousands of papers have misapplied the name Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai for the watermelon, and a proposal has therefore been submitted to conserve the name with this meaning.

The bitter South African melon first collected by Thunberg has become naturalized in semiarid regions of several continents, and is designated as a "pest plant" in parts of Western Australia.


The watermelon is an annual plant that has a prostrate or climbing habit. Stems are up to 3 m long and new growth has yellow or brown hairs. Leaves are 60 to 200 mm long and 40 to 150 mm wide. These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. Plants have both male and female flowers on 40-mm-long hairy stalks. These are yellow, and greenish on the back.

This plant is listed on the Threatened Species Programme of the The South African National Biodiversity Institute.

The bitter wooly melon was formally described by Carl Peter Thunberg in 1794 and given the name Momordica lanata. It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Ninzo Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai.

The sweet watermelon was formally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and given the name Cucurbita citrullus. It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1836 by the German botanist Heinrich Adolf Schrader.

The bitter wooly melon is the sister species of Citrullus ecirrhosus Cogn. from South African arid regions, while the sweet watermelon is the sister species of mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa from West Africa.

 Amazing Reasons Why We Must Drink Watermelon Juice

Lycopene for Your Heart, Skin and Cancer Prevention. ...
Citrulline for Better Blood Flow. ...
Weight Loss Benefits. ...
Anti-inflammatory Watermelon Juice. ...
Vitamins and Minerals. ...
Watermelon Juice for Kidney Health.

 Cultivar Groups & Varieties

A number of cultivar groups have been identified:

    Citroides group

(syn. C. lanatus subsp. lanatus var. citroides; C. lanatus var. citroides; C. vulgaris var. citroides)

DNA data reveal that C. lanatus var. citroides Bailey is the same as Thunberg's bitter wooly melon, C. lanatus and also the same as C. amarus Schrad. It is not a form of the sweet watermelon C. vulgaris and not closely related to that species.

The citron melon or makataan - a variety with sweet yellow flesh that is cultivated around the world for fodder, and the production of citron peel and pectin.

   Lanatus group

(syn. C. lanatus var. caffer)

C. caffer Schrad. is a synonym of C. amarus Schrad.

The variety known as *tsamma* is grown for its juicy white flesh. The variety was an important food source for travellers in the Kalahari Desert.

Another variety known as karkoer or bitterboela is unpalatable to humans, but the seeds may be eaten.

A small-fruited form with a bumpy skin has caused poisoning in sheep.

    Vulgaris group

This is Linnaeus's sweet watermelon; it has been grown for human consumption for thousands of years.

   C. lanatus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa

This West African species is the closest wild relative of the watermelon. It is cultivated for cattle feed.

Additionally, other wild species have bitter fruit containing cucurbitacin. C. colocynthis (L.) Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh., C. rehmii De Winter, and C. naudinianus (Sond.) Hook.f.

 Asthma: The powerful anti-oxidant in watermelon reduces toxic matters in the body, that in turn reduces asthma attacks.

Arthritis: The rich beta-carotene and vitamin C content in this big fruit do wonders in quenching inflammation that contributes to conditions like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Bladder problems:  Its cleansing and natural diuretic effect is totally healing for kidney and bladder problems

Cholesterol: Watermelon juice is healthful in preventing cholesterol from clogging arteries and can increase HDL, the good cholesterol, reducing the risks of cardiovascular diseases.

Constipation: Drink a big glass of watermelon juice. It is very effective in aiding the elimination of wastes. Consuming plenty of this red juice will do a lot of good.

Fluid retention:  Its diuretic action helps to eliminate excess fluids from the body, reducing water retention, especially for women during their monthly menstruation cycle and in pregnant women.

Heart attack: The combination of folate and the other essential vitamins in this fruit plays an important role in reducing the risks of heart attacks, strokes and colon cancer.

Itchiness: As watermelon juice cleanses the body of toxic wastes, it also greatly reduces itchiness that result from toxicity of acidosis.

Prostate Cancer: Lycopene (from red watermelons) has been extensively researched for its anti-oxidant and cancer-preventing properties. It is reported to be especially protective against prostate cancer.

Skin Blemish: Use watermelon externally by applying a small piece liberally on your face. Leave for ten minutes, then wash off with warm water, followed by a splash of cold water.

 If you cannot finish a whole watermelon and wish to keep it for later, cover the uneaten portion (cut in as few pieces as possible) with plastic cling wrap to prevent them from drying out. This also prevents it from absorbing the odors of other foods. Keep refrigerated to best preserve its freshness, taste and juiciness.

Watermelon is best eaten on its own, in fruit salads, or juiced. You may also freeze pureed watermelon in ice cube tray.


As watermelons grow resting on the ground, thoroughly clean it before it is cut. The knife used to halve the melon can transfer bacteria directly onto the flesh. Be sure to also wash cutting boards after use to avoid food contamination.

Cost Analysis for Watermelon on 1 Acre of  Land 

Land Dimension

A plot is 50^100
50 × 100 = 5000m²
5000 × 6 (1 acre) = 30,000m²

Seeds required on 1 acre of land

Spacing is 3m × 3m = 9m²
Now, 30000 ÷ 9 = 3,333 seeds approximately
A hole should take 2 seeds.
This means:
3,333 × 2 = *6,667 seeds/acre*
*Hybrid Kaolak, Kolos  & Sugar Baby* watermelon goes for #3 each
6,667 × 3 = *#20,001*

Other things to be used

1. Mancozeb (fungicide): *6,000*
Pesticides: #3,200 × 12 = *#38,400* (liquid)

Cypermethrin powder: *#8,000*

Total: *#73,400* (land, labour and clearing is not included)


1. Watermelon must be sprayed every 4 days
2. Watermelon does not grow during proper raining Season
3. Watermelon only needs 3-4 Rain to Thrive
4. Best time to plant watermelon is a day immediately after d 1st rain
5. Germination is 3 days
6. Under normal circumstances and good management, It takes only 40days to grow this crop
7. A stand of watermelon can produce up to 10 balls, even though we calculated on 3 balls. this means you can get far more than what is written here


Each stands produces *2 - 4 balls* under good management
We have *6,667 stands on 1 acre of land*

Now, 6,667 × 2 = *13,334 balls*
6,667 × 4 = *26,668 balls*

Now, let's say you get about *2-3* Mitsubishi/Cabster van
Take Watermelon Seeds And Boil Them: The Results Will Shock You!

We all love watermelon, especially in the hot summer days, right? We all love this refreshing, delicious and cleansing fruit – but, nobody likes the watermelon seeds. We all throw them away. The watermelon seeds are usually considered as a trash, and just a few people likes to eat them. But, when I tell you that these seeds are loaded with health benefits, I don’t think that you will throw them again.
First, you should know that the watermelon seeds are extremely effective and beneficial for improving the digestive system, and that’s about it! It’s because the watermelon seeds are just going through the digestive tract and they are improving the digestion process, which means that the other health benefits of the watermelon seeds are unused.
Well, here comes the good part – if you want to use the health benefits from the watermelon seeds and their healing power – first, you need to cook, roast or ground them. The watermelon seeds are loaded with many healthy nutrients, such as: fiber, which is extremely important for a proper digestion, and it’s extremely useful and effective in treating and healing intestinal parasites, inflammations and jaundice.
You should also know that the watermelon seeds are also extremely useful as diuretic. This is why the medical experts highly recommend this powerful homemade watermelon seed tea for all patients who are suffering urinary tract problems, and it’s also highly recommended for eliminating kidney stones.
The watermelon seeds also contain high amounts of the citrulline compound, which is organic complex with many antioxidant properties. it’s widening your blood vessels, and help them work faster and better. This means that this compound is extremely useful in treating many health problems, such as: treating of high blood pressure, angina pectoris and atherosclerosis. This recipe is very simple and easy to make. You just have to follow the simple instructions. Here’s what you need to do.
First, you need to crush and ground 4 tablespoons fresh watermelon seeds. Then, you need to boil the watermelon seeds in 2 liters of water, for 15 minutes. Note: you need to use this mixture for the next 2 days, and take 1-day break. You need to repeat this treatment for the next few weeks. You drink this watermelon seed tea for 2 days, and then take 1-day break.
We highly recommend that you should get enough watermelon seeds through the summer, because we all know that watermelons are season fruit and you can’t get them anytime you want. Or, even if you do – they are too expensive. The medical experts say that the watermelon seeds are extremely useful for many things, such as: improve the function of the heart, improve the muscle cells in the human body, boost your memory, improve your concentration, etc. You should also know that watermelon seeds are also loaded with other healthy nutrients, such as: iron, magnesium, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, antioxidants, calcium, manganese, niacin, etc. You should definitely try this homemade watermelon seed tea. It’s very simple and easy to make, and it can provide many health benefits for you and your family. We really hope you find this article helpful.

Starting a Watermelon Farm

Are you interested in starting a watermelon farm successfully? Do you need a sample watermelon farming business plan template? If YES, then i advice you read on.

Watermelon is among the best fruits recommended for people that wish to loose weight; and with the high rate of overweight or obesity related issues, and other numerous health benefits watermelon offers to the body, the demand for watermelon has sky rocked over the years.

Starting a watermelon farming business can yield massive profits as you can cultivate and harvest three batches of watermelon fruits in a year. For this article, I will discuss why you should invest in watermelon farming, and how you can start your own watermelon farm in no time.

4 Reasons Why You Should Invest In Watermelon Farming Business

High Turnover-: It takes a watermelon eighty five days to get to maturity from the planting date. This means you can have three sets of harvested watermelon fruits to sale within the year and if you started out the business on a large parcel of land, then you are sure to get huge returns on your investment.

There is a Ready Market for Your Produce-: Watermelon also contains some enzymes that help to fight against cancer causing cells in the body; you see why there will always be a high demand for watermelon.

Watermelon Is Pest Resistant-: This means that watermelon plant is resistant to pests and diseases that usually affect plants; you will not need to spend much on greeting ride of pests from affecting the watermelon.

Very Easy to Start: As long as you have the land space needed for the farming, you don’t need much of other things to get your watermelon business up and running; you don’t need much technical knowledge to run a watermelon farm.

3 Things You Need to Start a Watermelon Farming Business

Large Expanse of Land-: Each watermelon plant is called a vine; and the vines get to spread out as they mature and they need space for the plant to bear bigger fruits. I will talk more on the space needed for a watermelon plant to grow well.

Sunlight-: A watermelon plant requires of sunlight to grow well. So the land space must be in a location where there is adequate sunlight to nurture the plants.

Good Seedling: The type of seedling you use will affect the output or quality of watermelon fruits your plants will yield. There are very various varieties of watermelon species, you have to make a choice of which variety you wish and carry out further research on how to handle the cultivation process before you embarked on it.

Let me stop so far.

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How to Start Watermelon Farming Business and Make Money How to Start Watermelon Farming Business and Make Money Reviewed by Godwin Akpan on November 06, 2017 Rating: 5

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